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10 varieties of lettuce

Arugula is also a great way to add a kick to hearty dishes like chicken with bread salad and arugula. Growing your own frisee is quite easy if you can spare 5 feet of your garden space for it. An Apartment in Mooca by oitentaedois feat. And once you find a new favorite, you can start experimenting with some tasty salad dressing recipes. Its delicate texture requires additional care while cleaning. You do need to sow it directly; don’t start these seeds inside. In fact, its curly, light green leaves make this plant as beautiful as it is delicious. With its broad leaves and crunchy center, romaine lettuce is often used as a wrap, or can even be grilled to spruce up a summertime Caesar salad. Just like the Greeks, the Romans made the most of the medicinal properties of lettuce. Try tossing with a feta vinaigrette or yogurt buttermilk dressing. Unlike the bitter tastes of the chicory family, butterhead lettuce is on the sweeter side. Plus, they were tall and erect in shape. The four common types of lettuce based on the shape, texture, and uses include Crisphead, Butterhead, Romaine, and Loose-Leaf Lettuce. They’re known to germinate well, and thrive in many different conditions ranging from moist to dry climates. Crisphead lettuce is widely known as iceberg lettuce. rocket) has dark green leaves and a peppery flavor. In particular, its anthocyanins and quercetin act as potent antioxidants that protect your body from free radical damage (9, 22, 23). The Pioneer Woman participates in various affiliate marketing programs, which means we may get paid commissions on editorially chosen products purchased through our links to retailer sites. Store stem lettuce in the refrigerator in an airtight bag or container for 2–3 days. Its flavor has been described as sweet, and the leaves—despite looking weak because of their sparse heads—are quite firm and tender. Arugula works well when mixed with tangy flavors like lemon, garlic, or vinegar, or strong flavors like blue cheese. In addition to these four main lettuce types, a fifth variety of lettuce, called asparagus lettuce or celtuce, is grown for its thick … Other than cooking purposes, the seeds were normally used for medicines and mummification. Firma, Gene Simmons’ Mansion in Beverly Hills, CA (Listed for $22 Million), Layered Taco Bake With Cheesy Nachos (Recipe). It also requires at least 18 inches of area around each individual plant. Lettuce Varieties. Napa cabbage is probably the most well-known, as it’s also available in non-Asian supermarkets. It has spiky dark green leaves that have a surprisingly delicate texture and delightfully peppery, even spicy kick. A brief history of lettuce. Its origin dates back to the ancient Middle East, where the god of fertility – murals of Min – cultivated its seeds around 2700 B.C. Romaine lettuce is most frequently used in Caesar salads and other salads. Also known as “rocket”, arugula comprises dark green leaves that have a peppery taste to it. They believed that doing so will help stimulate their digestion and improve their sleep quality after meals. Furthermore, it works well in egg-salad or tuna sandwiches and serves as a great tortilla replacement for wraps. See Growing Lettuce for information on how to grow lettuce. It’s particularly high in iron and vitamins A and K. Leaf lettuce, also known as loose-leaf lettuce, varies in shape, color, and texture — though it’s usually crisp, ruffled, and dark green or red, with a flavor ranging from mild to sweet. If you’re looking to switch up your diet, try out these delicious types of lettuce. Most people eat the stem and discard its bitter leaves. It pairs well with most dressings and can enhance the flavor and texture of your salad. It may look like it was grown on Mars, but this lettuce type from southern China is definitely an Earth species. 18 Different Types of Lettuce – Can You Guess Them All? Instead of a generic looking and tasting salad, you can make something interesting to eat and look at. It looks and acts a bit more like "regular" lettuce with its leafier leaves and primarily green color. It’s evident to see where the Tennis Ball lettuce gets its name from! This tolerance makes it ideal for warmer climates. Butterhead lettuce adds a mild, sweet flavor to dishes. Since Iceberg lettuce has such a firm head, this makes it ideal in gardens where pests are an issue. Whenever you're shopping for salad greens at the supermarket, you might stick to familiar varieties, like romaine or iceberg, but you should explore the produce section and spend some time at a local farmer's market to sample other specialty types of lettuce. ). Frisee endive lettuce is well known by gardeners, as it’s able to grow well in small, high places. between heads. There is a reason why kale is famed as “the queen of greens”. This variety is medium in size and has a low bolt rate. This lettuce variety is not fond of hot summer temps or water stress and may rot from the inside out. While it’s grown worldwide, China produces the greatest volume — upwards of 66% of the global supply (1, 2). Looseleaf varieties are slow bolting and heat resistant. As with mizuna lettuce, oak leaf lettuce is available in many varieties; each variety comes in a different color ranging from green to red to bronze. Look for pale green and red-tinged varieties. If you’re a salad lover, here is a guide to growing lettuce in your own backyard. "However, there are tons of other leafy greens that we tend to eat and cook with in the same way." This nutrient is essential for creating red blood cells (9, 19). Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Stem lettuce is popular in Chinese cuisine and is commonly called Chinese lettuce, stalk lettuce, or celtuce (2). Here are 14 of the healthiest leafy green vegetables you…, A 20-year-old college student in Indiana with COVID-19 died of an undetected pulmonary embolism (PE), thrusting the topic of blood clots and COVID-19…. The leaves of oak leaf lettuce can grow in both small and large sizes. The leaves are colorful, mainly in the green and red color spectrums, with some variegated varieties. Last but not least is one of the easiest types of lettuce to grow — the Looseleaf varieties of lettuce, which form no head or heart. (Did I Just Type That? Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. You can also use its sturdy leaves as a replacement for tortillas in wraps. And that’s because of the fact that the dark green leafy lettuce is a nutritional powerhouse. Tom Thumb is a type of Butterhead lettuce, which has a characteristic round shape and pliant leaves. Romaine lettuce is hale and hearty and is the ubiquitous lettuce in a Caesar salad. It is also packed with iron, calcium, powerful antioxidants, and vitamins like vitamin A, C, K. Belonging to the family of Amaranthaceae, spinach is an edible plant that is native to central and western Asia. Should you choose to let it mature, you can harvest a whole head after 65 days. Learn about the benefits of romaine lettuce. Lambs’ lettuce, also known as mache or corn salad, comes with a lovely appearance and texture. After reading this, are you craving a salad yet? Besides salads, butterheads can be used in other delicious food items such as pasta, burgers, and sandwiches. Last medically reviewed on October 10, 2019, Typically made by combining greens with a dressing and an assortment of mix-ins, salads are an important part of a balanced diet. Butterhead lettuces prefer partial shade, and it’s best to harvest them while immature. Mizuna is a type of mustard green that shares ties with the members of Brassica family such as cauliflower, broccoli, mustard, turnip, and rutabaga. Romaine is higher in nutrients than crisphead. Leaf lettuce’s crisp, mild flavor lends itself to salads and sandwiches. Sign up for our newsletter. In addition, this variety of lettuce can be sown directly. So it is ideal to cook chrysanthemum for only 30 seconds. Tender stalks and roots are perfectly edible along with the dark green leaves. 9 Health and Nutrition Benefits of Red Leaf Lettuce. Baby leaves can be harvested after 35 days. Use arugula alone to stand up to tangy dressings such as lemon garlic vinaigrette and bold flavors such as blue cheese, or mix it with other lettuces as an accent note. This attribute makes this variety perfect for growing containers and hanging baskets. It is also a tasty add-on in the Japanese mochi soup often eaten at New Year's. It pairs well with other vegetables and most salad dressings. Watercress has a bright, peppery flavor prized for salads and gently "wilted" preparations. If you’re not familiar with that term, “bolt rate” refers to how lettuce will start growing flowers instead of leaves. Water regularly, as this lettuce type prefers moist, damp conditions. When a plant bolts early, it lowers the number of edible leaves that a head will produce. These antioxidants are associated with a lower risk of heart disease, inflammation, and certain cancers (9, 14). You'll find leaves that vary in size, texture, color and taste. This article explains the…. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving offers (24): Stem lettuce is an excellent source of manganese, which plays a key role in fat and carb metabolism. We have 10 great varieties ranging from iceberg to loose leaf, for every purpose and preference out there. Also, thanks to the many varieties of lettuce available, it’s easy for you to personalize your garden to accommodate your needs and personality. However, both these kinds possess the same dark green shade. These 9 high-risk foods are the most likely to cause food poisoning. ‘Romaine’ comes from the word Roman while ‘Cos’ is derived from the Greek island of Kos. Lau’s lettuce can also be eaten after being lightly cooked, but shouldn’t be stored in the fridge for too long. People use lettuce leaves as a replacement for flatbread and spring roll wrappers. This nutrient acts as a potent antioxidant and is vital for skin, eye, and immune health (11, 12, 13). Although it is small in size, it offers impressive advantages. It’s full of important nutrients, such as fiber, potassium, manganese, and vitamins A and C. While widely used in salads, sandwiches, and wraps, certain kinds can also be cooked. This herbaceous vegetable may prove to be more beneficial than fish. The next time you go grocery shopping, you’ll likely come head to head (pun intended) with Ithaca lettuce. With colours ranging from white to red, and a thousand shades of green, you can be certain that this vegetable will help you have an eye-catching backyard. Includes detailed lettuce types chart. Every item on this page was chosen by The Pioneer Woman team. This vividly red cabbage is packed with great flavors and a chewy texture. Discard the external leaves if they are damaged or wilted. Initially, this fresh vegetable was wild and bitter in taste. While this type of lettuce features tight, compact heads, it is full of crunch and flavor. The daily consumption of dark-green leaves will provide you with many other health benefits. A 3.5-ounce (100-gram) serving provides (10): It’s not only an excellent source of folate and vitamin K but also vitamin A. Batavia Lettuce (a.k.a. Butter lettuce is commonly available. Lettuce is low in nutrients, and has very low calorie, carb, vitamin, and mineral levels. Top with a bit of honey mustard vinaigrette or a simple balsamic dressing. It wouldn’t be wrong to claim it as a superfood, given that it is abundant with nutrition such as protein, minerals, vitamins, and calcium. This flowering plant only takes 70 to 75 days to mature and isn’t difficult to maintain. Frisée is best known as the base for a classic French bistro salad that includes bacon and a poached egg on top and is also delicious in a pear salad with blue cheese and walnuts.

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