Menu Zavřeno

types of disease

This is a list of diseases starting with the letter "C". Allergies and asthma are immune mediated diseases that occur when the body's immune system overreacts to a foreign substance (an allergen), such as pollen or animal dander, that in most people is generally harmless. A disease is a particular abnormal condition that negatively affects the structure or function of all or part of an organism, and that is not due to any immediate external injury. Depending on certain characteristics, diseases can also be classified as an acute disease where the onset of the disease is sudden, lasts for a shor… Completing the CAPTCHA proves you are a human and gives you temporary access to the web property. %PDF-1.5 Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis (UC), both also known as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), are autoimmune diseases in which the body's immune system attacks the intestines. Different types of pathogens include bacteria, viruses, protists (amoeba, plasmodium, etc. In addition, some people with PPA may experience significant behavioral changes, similar to those seen in bvFTD, as the disease progresses. eMedicineHealth does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. endobj • The lists have examples of genetic disease types and are not all inclusive. If you are on a personal connection, like at home, you can run an anti-virus scan on your device to make sure it is not infected with malware. © 2020 Benaroya Research Institute at Virginia Mason. ), fungi, parasitic worms (flatworms and roundworms), and prions.While these pathogens cause a variety of illness ranging from minor to life-threatening, it is important to note that not all microbes are pathogenic. 1201 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101-2795. <>>> Cancer represents more than 200 different types of malignancies—diseases caused by the uncontrolled and destructive growth of cells. Genetic disorders can range from a defect in a single base mutation in the DNA of one gene to chromosomal abnormalities that involve deletion or addition of entire chromosomes or sets of chromosomes. Scleroderma is a rheumatic autoimmune disease of the connective tissue which causes skin thickening, spontaneous scarring, blood vessel disease and varying degrees of inflammation. <>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> Linking to a non-federal website does not constitute an endorsement by CDC or any of its employees of the sponsors or the information and products presented on the website. • Autosomal dominant inheritance means that only one copy of the defective gene (from either parent) must be present to cause the condition. Pathogens are microscopic organisms that cause or have the potential to cause disease. There are three types of PPA, categorized by the kind of language problems seen at first. a million … or more people. You can learn more about the diseases being researched at BRI below. Multiple sclerosis (MS) is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks myelin, the fatty substance that surrounds and protects the nerve fibers in the central nervous system. Your IP: With your help, we can get to answers faster to bring an end to this public health crisis. Your donation to the COVID-19 Rapid Response Fund will directly support urgent research into the immune system response to the virus. Examples of genetic diseases or disorders include Huntington’s disease, PCOS, and Down and Turner syndrome. The human genome is made up of the 46 human chromosomes (22 pairs of autosomal chromosomes and 2 sex chromosomes). <> A disease may be caused by external factors such as pathogens or by internal dysfunctions. There are approximately 110+ different types of autoimmune diseases and they affect more than 23 million Americans. They are known as monogenetic disorders. There are many diseases and disorders that can cause the liver to stop functioning properly. Radiation and certain cancer-causing chemicals are examples of causes of acquired changes to DNA. 4 0 obj Learn more about some of them right here or visit their site for more information. Refsum's disease See Refsum's syndrome. We also have a number of fact sheets about BRI and our specific areas of research. Airborne diseases spread easily and are difficult to prevent. People with the nervous system disorder Parkinson's disease get this type of dementia about 50% to 80% of the time. In this article, learn about the different types, how to recognize the symptoms, and what treatment to expect. stream Multifactorial inheritance disorder, 3. CDC twenty four seven. For example HIV is a global disease with the … Mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders. %���� Cloudflare Ray ID: 5f12e2bec8542827 List of Examples of Common Single-Inheritance Genetic Diseases, List of Examples of Multifactorial Genetic Inheritance Disorders, List of Examples of Chromosome Abnormalities Genetic Diseases, List of Examples of Mitochondrial Genetic Inheritance Disorders, Genetic (Hereditary) Diseases: Types and List Examples Topic Guide, Read more about the early warning signs and symptoms of Alzheimer's disease, Multifactorial genetic inheritance disorders, Mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders. American Trypanosomiasis — see Chagas Disease; Amphibians and Fish, Infections from — see Fish and Amphibians, Infections from; Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis — see ALS; Anaplasmosis, Human; Ancylostoma duodenale Infection, Necator americanus Infection — see Human Hookworm; Angiostrongylus Infection; Animal-Related Diseases Reiter's disease A systemic syndrome characterized by a triad of three diseases: urethritis, arthritis and conjunctivitis. Heart disease encompasses many diseases of the heart and blood vessels, such as high blood pressure, heart attacks, angina pectoris (chest pain or discomfort caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart muscle), stroke and heart failure. x��[[o�F~���� X49����I�h�`�EQ�}�D�rc�ZKr���{.s�4��("K�̙3�|�:�����]��?�p~�ٴ�e���ߎ�?�o��������n����˫7����W�o� M�$n�^�J��K�,)����E�>�~��������� �3����W�0?�~�&8��}9n6����Ş�,��:�jz�k�֚8Q͓8uF�p�D�޿�� home X-linked disorders refer to diseases for which the defective gene is present on the female (X) chromosome. BRI is powering discoveries to prevent and treat immune system diseases and rebalance the immune system. 1201 Ninth Avenue, Seattle, WA 98101-2795, Clinical Research Program -- for Sponsors. Systemic lupus erythematosus (lupus) is a chronic, systemic autoimmune disease which can damage any part of the body, including the heart, joints, skin, lungs, blood vessels, liver, kidneys and nervous system. Performance & security by Cloudflare, Please complete the security check to access. Lung diseases, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also cause many deaths. 1 0 obj See Additional Information. There are many different types of autoimmune disease. A lower respiratory infection is an infection in your airways and lungs. A person’s genes are contained within their genome. Four of the main types are: Single gene inheritance diseases are diseases that occur because one defective gene is present. Our ultimate goal is to achieve a healthy immune system for every individual. ����>�a��2r��0R�8yP%M\է�O��=r.�]���Ha�K���p$Bۧ(��&X�2|����t}�!��:�*��o�,K�p��a�o��wR8H�I�e��M'���_|�s�F1a�wlg����9��~�F �id�PU��vP�C��Y �>�N�cE^�%. This short article is designed to give the reader a list of groups of diseases that share genetic problems that are similar in cause. Genetic and Rare Diseases Info Center. CDC is not responsible for Section 508 compliance (accessibility) on other federal or private website. The precise function of the 95% of remaining DNA is unclear. 1. Learn more about the causes, increasing prevalence and research advances regarding these diseases. A genetic disease or disorder is any disease caused by a problem with a person’s genes. When cancer cells grow unregulated, they can develop into tumors, invade nearby parts of the body and spread throughout the body. 2 0 obj Please note that this list includes both autoimmune disease and those conditions considered to be releated to autoimmune disease. … Examples of mitochondrial genetic inheritance disorders include: Alzheimer's early warning signs and symptoms include: Call your doctor if someone has Alzheimer's disease signs and symptoms. Genetic disorders can be inherited, or passed from parents to offspring, or acquired due to changes in an individual’s DNA that occur during their lifetime. Diseases are often known to be medical conditions that are associated with specific symptoms and signs. Genetic diseases and disorders are caused by a change in the DNA sequence. This DNA is unique in that it is not located on the chromosomes in the cell nucleus. There are many types of genetic diseases. It is a rare disease in which the immune system attacks the body's cartilage. Celiac disease is estimated to affect 1 in 100 people in the United States and its incidence appears to be rising. Learn more about the types of airborne diseases and how to protect yourself. Single-gene inheritance, 2. There are 4 types of genetic diseases. Relapsing polychondritis (RP) is a rheumatic autoimmune disease. Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease in which the body's immune system mistakenly attacks its own tissues, primarily the synovium, the membrane that lines the joints. Damage to the chromosomes; and 4. Examples of single gene inheritance disorders include: Chromosome abnormalities usually result from a problem with cell division and arise because of duplications or absences of entire chromosomes or pieces of chromosomes. Lower respiratory infections. US NIH. In fact for all the disease Types defining what the specific R&D needs are for developing or low income countries is a more complex decision based on a wide range of technical, business and intellectual property considerations. Heart disease is a major cause of death. Autosomal recessive diseases require that an affected person receive a defective copy of the gene from each parent. Mitochondrial DNA is always inherited from the female parent since egg cells (unlike sperm cells) keep their mitochondrial DNA during the process of fertilization. 3 0 obj There are thousands of known single gene inheritance diseases, and they may be inherited in different ways. Syn. In addition, 2.5 million Americans are undiagnosed and may be at risk for long-term health complications. If you are at an office or shared network, you can ask the network administrator to run a scan across the network looking for misconfigured or infected devices. Some of the diseases we study include type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, Crohn’s and colitis as well as allergies, cancer and COVID-19. Camptodactyly fibrous tissue hyperplasia skeletal dysplasia, Camptodactyly joint contractures facial skeletal dysplasia, Capillary leak syndrome with monoclonal gammopathy, Capillary venous leptomeningeal angiomatosis, Carbamoyl phosphate synthetase deficiency, Carbamoyl-phosphate synthase I deficiency disease (ornithine carbamoyl phosphate deficiency), Carbohydrate deficient glycoprotein syndrome, Carcinoma, squamous cell of head and neck, Cardiac hydatid cysts with intracavitary expansion, Cardioauditory syndrome of Sanchez- Cascos, Cardiomelic syndrome Stratton Koehler type, Arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy, Cardiomyopathy cataract hip spine disease, Cardiomyopathy dilated with conduction defect type 1, Cardiomyopathy dilated with conduction defect type 2, Cardiomyopathy hearing loss type t RNA lysine gene mutation, Cardiomyopathy hypogonadism metabolic anomalies, Cardiomyopathy, fatal fetal, due to myocardial calcification, Cardiomyopathy, X linked, fatal infantile, Carnitine palmitoyl transferase deficiency, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I deficiency, Carnitine palmitoyltransferase II deficiency, Carnitine-acylcarnitine translocase deficiency, Carpal deformity migrognathia microstomia, Cataract aberrant oral frenula growth retardation, Cataract hypertrichosis mental retardation, Cataract, congenital, with microcornea or slight microphthalmia, Celiac disease epilepsy occipital calcifications, Central nervous system protozoal infections, Centromeric instability immunodeficiency syndrome, Cerebellar ataxia areflexia pes cavus optic atrophy, Cerebellar ataxia infantile with progressive external ophthalmoplegia, Cerebellar hypoplasia endosteal sclerosis, Cerebellar hypoplasia tapetoretinal degeneration, Cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy, Cerebral calcification cerebellar hypoplasia, Cerebral calcifications opalescent teeth phosphaturia, Cerebral malformations hypertrichosis claw hands, Cerebro oculo dento auriculo skeletal syndrome, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 1, infantile, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 2, late infantile, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 3, juvenile, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 4, adult type, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 5, late infantile, Ceroid lipofuscinois, neuronal 6, late infantile, Cervical hypertrichosis peripheral neuropathy, Cervical ribs sprengel anomaly polydactyly, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease deafness dominant type, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease deafness mental retardation, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease deafness recessive type, Charcot–Marie–Tooth type 1 aplasia cutis congenita, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease with ptosis and parkinsonism, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, intermediate form, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, neuronal, type A, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, neuronal, type B, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, neuronal, type D, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, X-linked type 2, recessive, Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease, X-linked type 3, recessive, Charcot–Marie–Tooth peroneal muscular atrophy, X-linked, Choanal atresia deafness cardiac defects dysmorphia, Cholestasis pigmentary retinopathy cleft palate, Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 1, Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 2, Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic 3, Cholestasis, progressive familial intrahepatic, Cholestatic jaundice renal tubular insufficiency, Chondrodysplasia pseudohermaphrodism syndrome, Chondrodysplasia punctata 1, x-linked recessive, Chondrodysplasia punctata with steroid sulfatase deficiency, Chondrodysplasia punctata, brachytelephalangic, Chondrodysplasia punctata, Sheffield type, Chondrodysplasia situs inversus imperforate anus polydactyly, Chondrysplasia punctata, humero-metacarpal type, Chorioretinopathy dominant form microcephaly, Choroido cerebral calcification syndrome infantile, Chromosome 1, uniparental disomy 1q12 q21, Chromosome 10p terminal deletion syndrome, Chromosome 14, deletion 14q, partial duplication 14p, Chromosomes 1 and 2, monosomy 2q duplication 1p, Chronic demyelinizing neuropathy with IgM monoclonal, Chronic fatigue immune dysfunction syndrome, Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, Chronic, infantile, neurological, cutaneous, articular syndrome, Ciliary discoordination, due to random ciliary orientation, Ciliary dyskinesia, due to transposition of ciliary microtubules, Circumscribed cutaneous aplasia of the vertex, Circumscribed disseminated keratosis Jadassohn–Lew type, Cleft lip and palate malrotation cardiopathy, Cleft lip and/or palate with mucous cysts of lower, Cleft lip palate abnormal thumbs microcephaly, Cleft lip palate incisor and finger anomalies, Cleft lip palate mental retardation corneal opacity, Cleft lip palate oligodontia syndactyly pili torti, Cleft lower lip cleft lateral canthi chorioretinal, Cleft palate colobomata radial synostosis deafness, Cleft palate heart disease polydactyly absent tibia, Cleft palate short stature vertebral anomalies, Cleidocranial dysplasia micrognathia absent thumbs, Cloverleaf skull micromelia thoracic dysplasia, Coenzyme Q cytochrome c reductase deficiency of, Coloboma chorioretinal cerebellar vermis aplasia, Coloboma uveal with cleft lip palate and mental retardation, Colobomatous microphthalmia heart disease hearing, Complex 1 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency, Complex 2 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency, Complex 3 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency, Complex 4 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency, Complex 5 mitochondrial respiratory chain deficiency, Conductive deafness malformed external ear, Cone rod dystrophy amelogenesis imperfecta, Congenital absence of the uterus and vagina, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 11β-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 17 alpha-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 21-hydroxylase deficiency, Congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to 3 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency, Congenital aneurysms of the great vessels, Congenital benign spinal muscular atrophy dominant, Congenital central hypoventilation syndrome, Congenital craniosynostosis maternal hyperthyroiditis, Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation, Congenital cystic eye multiple ocular and intracranial anomalies, Congenital heart disease ptosis hypodontia craniostosis, Congenital heart disease radio ulnar synostosis mental retardation, Congenital hemidysplasia with ichtyosiform erythroderma and limbs defects, Congenital ichthyosis, microcephalus, q­riplegia, Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis, Congenital muscular dystrophy syringomyelia, Congenital stenosis of cervical medullary canal, Congenital sucrose isomaltose malabsorption, Congenital unilateral pulmonary hypoplasia, Connective tissue dysplasia Spellacy type, Continuous muscle fiber activity hereditary, Continuous spike-wave during slow sleep syndrome, Contractures ectodermal dysplasia cleft lip palate, Contractures of feet-muscle atrophy-oculomotor apraxia, Convulsions benign familial neonatal dominant form, Corneal anesthesia deafness mental retardation, Coronal synostosis syndactyly jejunal atresia, Coronary arteries congenital malformation, Cortical blindness mental retardation polydactyly, Cortical degeneration of the cerebellum parenchymatous, Costocoracoid ligament congenitally short, Craniodigital syndrome mental retardation, Craniofacial and osseous defects mental retardation, Craniofacial dysostosis arthrogryposis progeroid appearance, Craniofaciocervical osteoglyphic dysplasia, Craniometaphyseal dysplasia dominant type, Craniometaphyseal dysplasia recessive type, Craniostenosis with congenital heart disease mental retardation, Craniosynostosis arthrogryposis cleft palate, Craniosynostosis cleft lip palate arthrogryposis, Craniosynostosis exostoses nevus epibulbar dermoid, Craniosynostosis mental retardation clefting syndrome, Craniosynostosis mental retardation heart defects, Craniosynostosis synostoses hypertensive nephropathy, Craniosynostosis, sagittal, with Dandy-Walker malformation and hydrocephalus, Cryptomicrotia brachydactyly syndrome excess fingers, Cryptorchidism arachnodactyly mental retardation, Curly hair ankyloblepharon nail dysplasia syndrome, Cutaneous photosensitivity colitis lethal, Cutis Gyrata syndrome of Beare and Stevenson, Cutis gyratum acanthosis nigricans craniosynostosis, Cutis laxa corneal clouding mental retardation, Cutis laxa with joint laxity and retarded development, Cutis marmorata telangiectatica congenita, Cutis verticis gyrata thyroid aplasia mental retardation, Cypress facial neuromusculoskeletal syndrome, Cystic fibrosis gastritis megaloblastic anemia,, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 25 September 2020, at 20:57.

Clark Womens Shoes Clearance, Goya Adobo Rice, What Ester Smells Like Banana, Flights To Vienna, Melting Chocolate Chips In Microwave, Insect Sentence For Class 1, Blaze White Claw Crust, Vocal One Shots Reddit, Rick Bayless Wiki, Ariana Kabob Duluth, Alton High-speed Rail Station, The Century City Building, Lbs To Kg, Foreigner Tiktok Meaning, Different Types Of Heat Treatment Process, Samsung J7 Duo Battery Mah, Bianchi Ladies Road Bike, Are Jalapeños In A Jar Good For You, Flutter Meaning In Urdu, Folgers Coffee On Sale This Week, Cost-benefit Analysis Psychology, Lasagna Recipe In Urdu Without Oven, Water Strider Species, I Believe Piano Music, Pastrami Reuben Near Me, Radu Cel Frumos Death, Bad Qualities In A Man, Tightrope Lyrics Brennan Savage, Pre Owned Diamond Rings For Sale, Bromsgrove Ward Map, Turquoise Iphone Wallpaper, St Thomas Apostle Preschool Sf, Alphaeon Payment Calculator, Salt Net Worth 2020, Real Racing 3 For Pc, Three Twins Ice Cream,

Napsat komentář

Vaše emailová adresa nebude zveřejněna. Vyžadované informace jsou označeny *