Until this day, Montreal's Jewish population has continued to decline, as increasing numbers of Jews find fewer reasons to stay in or migrate to Montreal, especially since Canada's Jewish culture has shifted to Toronto. Springer is one of the leading international scientific publishing companies, publishing over 1,200 journals and more than Rather, the Jews worried that a weak, separatist government would be vulnerable to a radical revolution and might be taken over by these outspokenly anti-Semitic Marxists. The community was founded by Sephardim from New York in 1768 but remained minuscule until the emigration from Eastern Europe began late in the 19th century. In politics, there have been a few Jews elected, usually to represent predominantly Jewish constituencies. The Jews of Montreal make up the second-largest Jewish community in Canada. Mile End is a neighbourhood and municipal electoral district in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. Social Forces 60, no. The Jewish Public Library and the Montreal Yiddish Theatre are two examples of institutions with deep roots in the community. Montreal: Vehicule Press, 1995. Later on, clothing companies founded in Montreal by Jewish families include Reitmans, Le Château, Canadelle, Peerless, Aldo, and clothing brands like Joseph Ribkoff and Parachute. For instance, he describes what happened when a Montreal man might be recognized in the “Gallery of Missing Husbands” published by the Forward newspaper of New York as a public service. These contributions are highlighted in the exhibition. This population of Jews constituted almost a third of Montreal's Jewish community, and all of them "understood the relation between economic boycotting and anti-Semitism." Gentiles recognize him as the official voice of Canadian Jewry. About 10 percent have Yiddish as their mother tongue, with about 56 percent English, 18 percent French, and three percent each for Russian and Hebrew. The largest concentrations of Jews in the metropolitan area are found in the suburban areas of Côte St. Luc (19,785) and the West Island (13,030). Waterloo, Ontario, Canada: Wilfred. Ever since the Parti Québécois (PQ) became one of the two main provincial parties in 1970, the issue of secession has bedeviled the political scene. Among these are the world-renowned Jewish Public Library of Montreal, Saidye Bronfman Centre for the Arts, Dora Wasserman Yiddish Theatre and Montreal Holocaust Memorial Centre. Eventually it had to turn to the federations, including Federation CJA, for support. For example, although most congregations are Orthodox, many of those who attend such synagogues are not.  His 1970 novel St. Urbain's Horseman and 1989 novel Solomon Gursky Was Here were shortlisted for the Man Booker Prize.  :227, In 1931, Laurier, St. Louis and St. Michel had the highest concentration of Jews living within the limits of the city of Montreal, with St. Louis having 54.8% of its population being Jewish, Laurier having 50.9% of its population being Jewish and St. Michel having 38.5% of its population being Jewish. Anglophones, including Jews, feared that Bill 101, along with many of the other language reforms, would accelerate the drive towards a unilingual Quebec. Despite Canada's poor record of Jewish immigration between 1933 and 1948, Montreal became home to the world’s third-largest concentration of Holocaust survivors , most of them Yiddish speakers. Between 1904 and 1914, Montreal saw the largest wave of Jewish immigration, with many Jews arriving to the city from Eastern Europe fleeing from antisemitism and violent pogroms. This item is part of JSTOR collection Some 70 percent now use English at home. Everyone talked about the man who had been recognized from the Gallery, about how respectable, decent, and honourable he appeared to people who had known him. Jews constitute the seventh largest ethnic group in Montreal. A third of Montreal's Jews had either strong ancestral roots or first-hand experience in the horrors of Eastern Europe and knew that a rise in nationalism tended to coincide with a rise in anti-Semitism. Nonetheless, Jewish contributions to the larger community are recognized today for their positive impact on society in general. In 1948, Rabbi Solomon Frank and other leaders in the Jewish community founded Le Cercle Juif de Langue Francaise with the goal of encouraging a healthy working relationship between Jews and French-Quebecers. Toronto a magnet for Jews, migration study 2007: www.cjnews.com/viewarticle.asp?id=11447. 1 (1981): 1-19. Baron Byng High School was an English-language public high school on Saint Urbain Street in Montreal, Quebec, opened by Governor General of Canada Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy in 1921. The opinions, facts and any media content in them are presented solely by the authors, and neither The Times of Israel nor its partners assume any responsibility for them. Torrance, Judy M. Public Violence in Canada. Villeray–Saint-Michel–Parc-Extension is a borough (arrondissement) in the city of Montreal, Quebec. The history of the Jews in Canada is the history of Canadian citizens who follow Judaism as their religion and/or are ethnically Jewish. King excels at presenting the contours, aromas and flavours of the modern community in chapters such as “The Shmata Business”, “Briskets and Bagels” and “From Rags to Great Riches: The Bronfman Story.” The text is enlivened by many illustrations and sidebars. As he describes: Perhaps as a result of this spiritual encouragement, individual acts of anti-Semitism increased in number throughout the mid 20th century. This total would account for approximately 1.1% of the Canadian population. The Montreal Jewish community definitely has it's perks. The beautiful St. George's Angilcan Church today stands on the grounds of Montreal's first Jewish cemetery, which was active from 1775-1854. and Reform Judaism did not become as prominent as in other areas. They note that a higher percentage of non-Jewish Anglophones than Jewish Anglophones left the city. Himmelfarb Morris Fine. In addition to his fiction, Richler wrote numerous essays about the Jewish community in Canada, and about Canadian and Quebec nationalism. Ashkenazi immigrants found greater acceptance in the Protestant sector, which is a major reason for the fact that they became part of the English-speaking community. The raison d'être of the PQ is making Quebec an independent sovereign state, a goal that few in the Jewish community share. In 2011, the Jewish population of Montreal was approximately 91,000, with over 40,000 Jewish households.  Jewish politicians were often elected federally in the ridings of Cartier, which exclusively elected Jewish MPs for its entire history from 1925 until it was abolished in 1966, and Mount Royal. Secondly, under the influence of ultra-Orthodox rabbis, the Va'ad became more stringent in its interpretation of kashrut requirements. What was originally known as Allied Jewish Community Services was renamed Federation CJA during the 1990s. As of 2011, Statistics Canada listed 329,500 adherents to the Jewish religion in Canada and 309,650 who claimed Jewish as an ethnicity. In the early 20th century, Jewish representatives of the Montreal City Council, the Quebec legislature, and the Canadian parliament originated from Jewish neighbourhoods in Montreal. The Exodus of Montreal Jews Daniel Charness INTRODUCTION. "Long-Term Effects of the Holocaust on Selected Social Attitudes and Behaviors of Survivors: A Cautionary Note." During the early years of the 21st century, *Chabad has energetically tried to extend its impact in the community beyond traditional Lubavitcher ?asidim by establishing a major presence in both Hampstead and Côte St. Luc. Future developments regarding separatism are likely to have a profound effect on the community's future. immigrants who arrived during the first 60 years of the 20th century and assimilated into the English-language community, in part due to the more favorable educational and economic opportunities available in that sector. I am a Jewish Montreal and just saw your post! Contemporary Jewry serves as the single source for the social scientific consideration of world Jewry, its institutions, trends, character, and concerns. Robinson, Ira, Pierre Anctil, and Mervin Butovsku (editors). It is part of the Plateau-Mont-Royal borough in terms of Montreal's municipal politics. Overall, Montreal was the main destination for the 125,000 Jews who settled in Canada between 1905 and 1920, making the area a centre of Yiddish language and culture (e.g. This partially explains why a higher percentage of non-Jewish Anglophones than Jewish Anglophones departed Montreal over the next 30 years. Though their population and cultural influence remained minimal until the late 19th century, the influx of Jewish immigrants between 1870 and 1924 helped to develop a unique and colorful Jewish community, bonded together by a devotion to Yiddish culture. All Rights Reserved. According to Rose Jick, a professor at Northeastern University who was studying at the University of Toronto at the time, at least one out of every ten students she met were Jews who originally hailed from Montreal.
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