Thus the elbow is distal to a wound on the upper arm, but proximal to a wound on the lower arm. Similarly, in spherically symmetrical organisms, there is nothing to distinguish one line through the centre of the organism from any other. Find more ways to say dorsal, along with related words, antonyms and example phrases at Thesaurus.com, the world's most trusted free thesaurus. Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans. For improved clarity, the directional term palmar (from Latin palma 'palm of the hand') is usually used to describe the front of the hand, and dorsal is the back of the hand. Specific terms exist to describe how close or far something is to the head or tail of an animal. For example, it is very confusing to say the dorsal fin of a dolphin is "right of" the left pectoral fin, but is "left of" the right eye, but much easier and clearer to say "the dorsal fin is medial to the pectoral fins". Central (from Latin centralis) describes something close to the centre. Radially symmetrical organisms include those in the group Radiata – primarily jellyfish, sea anemones and corals and the comb jellies. A synonym is a word that has the same meaning as another word. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.  An organism that is round or not symmetrical may have different axes. Special terms are used to describe the mouth and teeth. Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?  In humans, "cranial" and "cephalic" are used to refer to the skull, with "cranial" being used more commonly. Because the sacrum and coccyx are fused, they are not often used to provide the location. The skin samples were collected from dorsal, lateral, and ventral regions of head, neck, thorax, abdomen, and tail. , Deep (from Old English) describes something further away from the surface of the organism. Antonyms: ventral, dorsoventral. , Some elongated protists have distinctive ends of the body. Delivered to your inbox! All the eyes are on the carapace of the prosoma, and their sizes, shapes and locations are characteristic of various spider families and other taxa.  For example, the great vessels run centrally through the body; many smaller vessels branch from these.  Most spiders have eight eyes in four pairs. Web. How to use dorsoventral in a sentence. “Dorsoventral.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dorsoventral. This helps avoid confusion in terminology when referring to the same organism in different postures. The ventral termination of this tube is most instructive and suggestive. To describe how close to the head of an animal something is, three distinct terms are used: For example, in horses, the eyes are caudal to the nose and rostral to the back of the head. The genitals are medial to the legs. For example, "anterolateral" indicates a position that is both anterior and lateral to the body axis (such as the bulk of the pectoralis major muscle). Hickman, C. P., Jr., Roberts, L. S. and Larson, A. Demonstrative § Distal and proximal demonstratives, "A proposal for a standard terminology of anatomical notation and orientation in fossil vertebrate dentitions", 10.1671/0272-4634(2003)23[1:APFAST]2.0.CO;2, "Evaluation of the extent of neoplastic infiltration in small intestinal tumours in dogs", "Collins Online Dictionary | Definitions, Thesaurus and Translations", "Dictionary by Merriam-Webster: America's most-trusted online dictionary", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Anatomical_terms_of_location&oldid=988269234#Dorsal_and_ventral, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 04:03. We're doing our best to make sure our content is useful, accurate and safe.If by any chance you spot an inappropriate image within your search results please use this form to let us know, and we'll take care of it shortly. ventral synonyms, ventral pronunciation, ventral translation, English dictionary definition of ventral. Echinoderm larvae are not included, since they are bilaterally symmetrical. 'right'; Latin: sinister, lit. For example, as humans are approximately bilaterally symmetrical organisms, anatomical descriptions usually use the same terms as those for vertebrates. For example, in a fish, the pectoral fins are dorsal to the anal fin, but ventral to the dorsal fin. As part of defining and describing terms, the body is described through the use of anatomical planes and anatomical axes. Although adults usually occur in depths of 180-1700 ft, juveniles are occasionally seen around jetties and shallow-water reefs in the northern Gulf. Usually such organisms are planktonic (free-swimming) protists, and are nearly always viewed on microscope slides, where they appear essentially two-dimensional.  This is because the brain is situated at the superior part of the head whereas the nose is situated in the anterior part. Thanks for your vote!  For example, in the anatomical position, the most superior part of the human body is the head and the most inferior is the feet. Dorsal and ventral. Terms used generally derive from Latin or Greek roots and used to describe something in its standard anatomical position. These two terms, used in anatomy and embryology, describe something at the back (dorsal) or front/belly (ventral) of an organism. These terms are generally preferred in veterinary medicine and not used as often in human medicine. In such organisms, only terms such as superficial and deep, or sometimes proximal and distal, are usefully descriptive. • Usually, the dorsal side is hardy while the ventral side is tender. Warsaw are characterized by an elongated second dorsal spine, they're the only grouper with 10 dorsal spines ; all others have 11. In radiology, an X-ray image may be said to be "anteroposterior", indicating that the beam of X-rays passes from their source to patient's anterior body wall through the body to exit through posterior body wall. However, some biradially symmetrical comb jellies do have distinct "tentacular" and "pharyngeal" axes and are thus anatomically equivalent to bilaterally symmetrical animals. These two terms, used in anatomy and embryology, describe something at the back (dorsal) or front/belly (ventral) of an organism. For example, the Central nervous system and the peripheral nervous systems. If talking about the skull, the dorsal … ‘the ventral part of the head’ ‘The nervous system consists of a lobed dorsal brain and ventral nerve cord with fused paired ganglia.’ ‘If either of these proteins is absent, then the motor axons select dorsal and ventral pathways randomly.’ Additionally, for some animals such as invertebrates, some terms may not have any meaning at all; for example, an animal that is radially symmetrical will have no anterior surface, but can still have a direct that is close to the middle ("proximal") or further from the middle ("distal"). 1. The term "rostral" is rarely used in human anatomy, apart from embryology, and refers more to the front of the face than the superior aspect of the organism. Medial (from Latin medius 'middle') describes structures close to the midline, or closer to the midline than another structure. This confusion can arise because the forearm can pronate and supinate. This page on wikipedia gives a good synopsis of these concepts.. An organism that is symmetrical on both sides has three main axes that intersect at right angles. , The dorsal (from Latin dorsum 'back') surface of an organism refers to the back, or upper side, of an organism. • Ventral side bears more external organs than the dorsal side usually does. , Many anatomical terms can be combined, either to indicate a position in two axes simultaneously or to indicate the direction of a movement relative to the body. These terms are used to avoid confusion when describing the median surface of the hand and what is the "anterior" or "posterior" surface – "anterior" can be used to describe the palm of the hand, and "posterior" can be used to describe the back of the hand and arm. Anteversion and retroversion are complementary terms describing an anatomical structure that is rotated forwards (towards the front of the body) or backwards (towards the back of the body), relative to some other position. Cnidarians (jellyfish, sea anemones and corals) have an incomplete digestive system, meaning that one end of the organism has a mouth, and the opposite end has no opening from the gut (coelenteron). ventral (adj) toward or on or near the belly (front of a primate or lower surface of a lower animal) "the ventral aspect of the human body"; "the liver is somewhat ventral in position"; "ventral (or pelvic) fins correspond to the hind limbs of a quadruped". Post the Definition of dorsoventral to Facebook, Share the Definition of dorsoventral on Twitter. selänpuoleinen, dorsaalinen, yksiteräinen, ты́льный, среднеязы́чный, спинно́й, дорса́льный, единоо́стрый. Anatomical terms of location in a kangaroo.