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history of science reading list

If you’re trying to untangle the processes involved in organismal development, then you need to understand all those conditionalities. Humanities Press, 1996. Dover, 1990. A collection of relatively brief biographies, indispensable for its scope and completeness. I was watching it with my uncle Brian in the middle of the night. That is just one example, which stuck out to me because I am a descendant of the Caribbean part of the Atlantic Slave Trade, and I also have two degrees in astronomy (and two in physics). Landau, Misia. Companion to the History of Modern Science. Crowe, Michael J. New American Library, 1989. The Darwinian Heritage. Twenty-four studies of collaborative work by scientists who were married to each other. This brief volume provides another view, by focusing on Germany under the Nazis and the USSR under Stalin. History, written for students and non-specialists, of the parallel development of modern chemistry and physics. That’s what was happening during what historians might call the ‘long 17th century’, which stretched from the 16th century, when people were beginning to investigate anatomy and astronomy using modern techniques, right up to Darwin. Norton, 1982. Oxford UP, 1994. Shapin, Steven. U. of California Press, 1989. Modern Theories of the Universe from Herschel to Hubble. Watson was presenting events as he saw them at the time. Biography-oriented history of one of the revolutions in 20th-century physics, written for non-specialists without a background in quantum theory. John draws a parallel with developments in industry, where you start with very simple craft techniques that were gradually built up into largescale industry. There’s a fascinating chapter about his lost library in the book. For your last book, we’re going to go right back to the ancient world: Galen and the World of Knowledge, edited by Christopher Gill, Tim Whitmarsh, and John Wilkins from 2012. Illuminates the roots and continuing relevance of the trial, while debunking the simplistic "Ignorance vs. If Crick had prevailed and Watson had written a more restrained account, it would probably have been less interesting. Lindberg, David C., and Ronald L. Numbers. This realisation was an incredible moment in human history. Then there was a wave of ‘industrialisation’ with the creation of larger and larger research groups. Cambridge UP, 1978. Conjuring Science: Scientific Symbols and Cultural Meanings in American Life. A twitter thread by Melissa Daniels (Athabasca Chipewyan First Nation) on engaging in colonialist activity under the guise of “decolonising education”, In April, 2015, one of the most visible topics of discussion in the Astronomy community was the planned Thirty Meter Telescope and protests against it from Native Hawaiians who didn’t want it built on Mauna Kea. Before Watson and Crick began their work, it was realised that genes are made of DNA; the double helix structure revealed two things. The really exciting part of science is realising what we don’t know and how we can find it out. The scientist and historian picks the best books on the history of science. So, even though for the last 500 years or so science has largely been developed by Europeans, the roots of its methodology and epistemology are not European. I’ve sometimes thought about being tricksy and trying to tell a story backwards or to group chapters by theme, but each time I’ve decided it’s better for the reader to know where the story starts and where it ends. Chemistry gets the Norton treatment--comprehensive, balanced, and detailed enough to be useful without becoming overwhelming. I find it an extremely readable account of a time I grew up in—almost like a novel. 1 Chronologically organized, with additional chapters on topics of long-term interest to social scientists, such as the relationship between the social and the biological in shaping human culture. Intellectual colonialism only works when there is a physical threat associated with it. Albert Einstein: A Life. Although it was written by an American, it didn’t cover up the fact that Wernher von Braun, the brains behind the Apollo programme, was a Nazi Party member who was absolved for his involvement with the Hitler regime because he could build ICBMs. There are two different angles at play in the discussion about colonialism and science. Episodes in the history of 20th century paleoanthropology, chosen to illustrate the contentious nature of the field. He’s arguing that the development of science, as we know it, was a much longer, messier process than we usually think. You’ll find texts that range from personal testimony to Indigenous cosmology to anthropology, to history to sociology to education research. Amongst the more extreme views put forward by sociologists of science there were some who argued that science was just another story, no more valid than myths from peoples throughout the world. Strong focus on scientific ideas, with comparatively less attention to social context than (say) Lindberg. Dictionary of the History of Science. Beacon Press, 1995. Your day job is as a geneticist studying the sense of smell but you also write and translate history books. Newton and the Culture of Newtonianism. U. of California Press, 1985. John died last year. It’s both. For example, the validity of Newtonian mechanics wasn’t negated by Einstein’s discoveries: it simply became applicable to one particular realm. Cohen, I. Bernard. For the post-WWII period, see Greenberg (1967). Sandra Harding with Robert Figueroa, Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues by Sandra Harding, Sciences From Below: Feminisms, Postcolonialities, and Modernities by Sandra Harding, The Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies Reader ed. A History of the Life Sciences, 2nd edition. Porter, Theodore M. The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900. [1987] Touchstone, 1995. Haynes, Roslynn D. From Faust to Strangelove: Representations of the Scientist in Western Literature. Watson’s account is very personal. Scientists would obviously argue that it is no accident that science and technology actually work. ], A U.S./Canadian Race & Racism Reading List, Reading List on Modern and Colonial Science in the Middle East, Protecting Mauna A Wakea: The Space Between Science and Spirituality, Maunakea: Redirecting the lens onto the culture of mainstream science, The fight for Mauna Kea and the future of science, How contributions from Christopher Columbus’ Sephardic astronomer illustrate complex legacies of exploration and conquest, African Cultural Astronomy: Current Archaeoastronomy and Ethnoastronomy Research in Africa, Cognitive Repression in Contemporary Physics, Language, Identity, and Ideology: High-Achieving Scholarship Women, Conceptualising transformation and interrogating elitism: The Bale scholarship programme, Beyond South Africa’s ‘indigenous knowledge — science’ wars, Decolonizing Science and Science Education in a Postcolonial Space (Trinidad, a Developing Caribbean Nation, Illustrates), On the possibility of a feminist philosophy of physics, Challenging epistemologies: Exploring knowledge practices in Palikur astronomy, ‘Indigenous Knowledge’ and ‘Science’: Reframing the Debate on Knowledge Diversity, The Rain Stars, the World’s River, the Horizon and the Sun ’s Path: Astronomy along the Rio Urucauá, Amapá, Brazil, Tribal peoples have crucial role to play in global conservation,, Joe Louis Fought His Way Into the Hearts of White Americans Despite Rampant White Supremacy. Organisms could not come out of nothing because that would contradict the idea that the universe was ordered and the reason the universe was ordered was because God had created it. Compact, wide-ranging surveys of ancient Greek scientific ideas from their origins in the 6th century BC to their absorption by the Romans. I think professionally trained historians—who amaze me by their ability to integrate very complex issues—may miss out on that simpler detail which the ordinary reader enjoys. The vast literature on Darwin and Darwinism embraces a great variety of subjects and approaches. Oxford UP, 1989. 4 Also I make no claims about completeness or a commitment to regularly updating it with my newest finds. Scientific Culture and the Making of the Industrial West. I write histories about things I understand – I would find it very difficult to embrace the history of technology or physics in any detail. I remember it! The key thing about scientific knowledge is that science is cumulative: we now know more about the world, in a better way, than we did 100 years ago. Bowler, Peter J. The metaphors that we use to explain things are taken from culture and, in particular, from technology. Shapin describes what happened during the scientific revolution, but it’s above all a discussion of the literature, the historiography. What John also does is to focus on science as a form of labour. Norton, 1993. The list is, by design, selective and idiosyncratic. It is Watson’s account as he saw it at the time, filtered through twenty years of subsequent reflection. I went with absolutely awful French and ended up pretty much bilingual. Sime, Ruth Lewin. The book is about the discovery of egg and sperm but it also extends into ideas about where animals like insects come from. One explanation is that he found the experiments extremely distressing. U. of California Press, 1997. The Foundations of Modern Science in the Middle Ages: Their Religious, Institutional, and Intellectual Contexts. Wide-ranging critique of the often-symbiotic relationship between scientists and the press. Kohn, David, ed. Cambridge UP, 1996. Written by an outsider after the recent, full(er) disclosure of Einstein's personal papers. He has published books on 17th-century science and the French resistance. Olby, R. C., et al. Pyenson, Lewis, and Susan Sheets-Pyenson. Maybe he didn’t realise quite how irritating he was. His casual sexism was certainly very typical of the time. Lise Meitner: A Life in Physics. See "Social Sciences," above. Uneasy Careers and Intimate Lives: Women in the Sciences, 1789-1979. Focuses, as its title suggests, on the social dimensions of science, mostly after 1650. Virtually all are in print as of this writing [Fall 1998], and should be readily available through large bookstores and their on-line equivalents. U. of Chicago Press, 1998. U. of Chicago Press, 1987. John Wiley, 1996. Five Books participates in the Amazon Associate program and earns money from qualifying purchases. You’ve got books by both historians and scientists in your list. I think. Cambridge UP, 1978 & 1977. Oxford UP, 1996. Rockets! A compact case study of the intersection of science and culture. The history of science is the study of the development of science, including both the natural and social sciences (the history of the arts and humanities is termed history of scholarship). Among the most influential history-of-science studies ever written. Allen, Garland. All are key to the process of decolonising science, which is a pedagogical, cultural, and intellectual set of interlocking structures, ideas, and practices. This complicates both racist narratives about people of color and innovation as well as discourse around whether science is fundamentally wedded to Euro-American operating principles of colonialism, imperialism and domination for the purpose of resource extraction. Matthew Cobb is professor of zoology at the University of Manchester, where his research focusses on the sense of smell. Like all arbitrary limits, they are subject to change.

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