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groningen gas bubble

863457426 endobj 45253009 863457426 <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 594 783]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 165/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream 25 0 obj <>stream Especially for mathematics buffs, the equation used to calculate the pressure difference is shown below : To facilitate development planning, an integrated computer model was dev <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 594 783]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 57/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream “They had a party with gas for the last forty years,” said Thierry Bros, senior research fellow at the Oxford Institute for Energy Studies. default OpenType - PS endobj As Moscow's relations with the West descended into acrimony over hacking allegations and its role in conflicts in Syria and Ukraine, its gas exports to Europe kept steadily flowing. 16 0 obj “That amount is unprecedented for the Soviet Union and modern Russia alike.”. By clicking “Accept”, you consent to the use of ALL the cookies. � 3932508134 Review of Groningen production plan (TNO memorandum 16-10.031). De overheid stimuleerde zo de zoektocht naar andere gasvoorkomens, zodat het gas in Groningen minder snel op zou raken. x�s False endstream Please note the date. !�\�!Y\ A�,����p >H H ��&���FSa5���$�Wo�aFzWג��� ��yN�Q��7���#3�)!�x��RЋ�ƌ��e��ĝ�3K7�l�Ȝ�ũ��7Z 30 0 obj � Suddenly the barman is calling time much earlier than expected. Suddenly the barman is calling time much earlier than expected. Recent papers and conference presentations on induced seismicity in Groningen. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. Adobe Caslon Pro If you do not have a login you can register here. 0 x�s <>stream So far, €1.2 billion has been set aside for claims up to 2018, with the Dutch state on the hook for 64 percent of the costs. Links to websites with additional information on the Groningen field and induced earthquakes  endstream caused by fossil fuel-driven climate change, Louise van Schaik of the policy think tank Clingendael, Thomas Kokshoorn, a planning adviser at the Groningen provincial government, could have been worth almost €350 billion, Gazprom CEO Alexey Miller announced last month in his 2016 roundup, Miller had warned that Europe's gas supply could be cut off, Marco Giuli of the European Policy Centre, Dutch government worried about Russian election interference, Dutch dung overload raises specter of massive cull, Europe — an offshore wind champion in the making, Poland’s biggest energy utility goes green, Wojciech Dąbrowski, president of the management board at PGE, The environmental movement braces for a second Trump term. %���� � endstream endobj From the start of … ��w3T04PI�2P0T�5T0P02S0�4�3U������ �dA$P�5� >' 0 in which Pi = pressure at time ti, ΔP is the pressure difference and M is the length of the moving average (12 weeks, so M=11). <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 594 783]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 57/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 594 783]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 165/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream These cookies do not store any personal information. H ��&���FSa5���$�Wo�aFzWג��� ��yN�Q��7���#3�)!�x��RЋ�ƌ��e��ĝ�3K7�l�Ȝ�ũ��7Z endstream Adobe Systems In a sign of local ire, a group of farmers is suing NAM — the joint venture between Royal Dutch Shell and ExxonMobil that extracts the gas — demanding more for damages to their property than the company is willing to offer. Adobe InDesign CC 2014 (Macintosh) endstream 0 endobj 10 0 obj and Van Thienen-Visser, K., Inversion of double-difference measurements from optical levelling for the Groningen gas field, International Journal of Applied Earth … x�s x�+� � | 3406_TSS_vanThienen.pdf endstream 4110880894 endstream 29 0 obj Because the working gas slowly starting to get there about new forms of energy production should be considered. endstream De Waal., H., Van Thienen-Visser, K. and Pruiksma, J.P.. Steenbergen, R.D.J.M., Vrouwenvelder, A.C.W.M. 1.012 4083236353 endobj TrajanPro-Bold 1.012 1213718254 endobj 13 0 obj Für nähere Informationen zur Nutzung Ihrer Daten lesen Sie bitte unsere Datenschutzerklärung und Cookie-Richtlinie. Fokker, P.A. 2015-06-03T09:30:38-07:00 “We set new records in terms of gas deliveries to Europe,” Gazprom CEO Alexey Miller announced last month in his 2016 roundup, adding that supplies hit 614.5 million cubic meters per day. 5 0 obj 0 endobj 6 0 obj You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 1 0 obj x�ι�0��_1%�^AG�8z0�c�8Jbd/B�=�i4S��S�J �*Š`s%��]7��9|�1� 7�[c׆ In de periode 2006-2015 mocht de NAM maximaal 425 miljard m³ gas uit het veld winnen. x�ι�0��_1%�^AG�8z0�c�8Jbd/B�=�i4S��S�J �*Š`s%��]7��9|�1� 7�[c׆ Steenbergen, R.D.J.M. x�ι�0��_1%�^AG�8z0�c�8Jbd/B�=�i4S��S�J �*Š`s%��]7��9|�1� 7�[c׆ But the transition will take time, and energy plans have not survived government changeovers in the past, according to Louise van Schaik of the policy think tank Clingendael. 32 0 obj About 152,000 homes need to be reinforced, according to a study commissioned by Groningen province, an undertaking that may cost many billions and years of toil. endstream Akhtar.ali The earthquake density has generally decreased from January 2014 onwards (for more details, see the report). For the Dutch government, natural gas is a very important source of income. endobj 4083236353 7 0 obj “It’s an issue for countries in the east of Europe, like Ukraine or Romania, but not for the Netherlands.”. Wij willen ervoor zorgen dat bij het opstellen en uitvoeren van alle plannen, De gevolgen van de aardgaswinning hebben een grote impact op het leven van de mensen in het aardbevingsgebied. [k=Wj���?�օ�f~Q.\��_���[�_���/Q#������j{9@������o����YO����}y+�������^@Un�v��wT�!~�!P�l��3g��S�38_������)��g�m��WBf/8�7�S��}yS���P~ďA�ɥu屚��U���y�3�y[��S9_yyZc|[���. endobj 24 0 obj Adobe Systems x�s 22 0 obj Non-linear and equivalent linear site response for the Groningen area (TNO 2016 R10460). <>stream converted Europe is split on whether to consider this a problem. The giant gas fields of the northeastern Dutch province of Groningen are estimated to be 80 percent exhausted. Pruiksma, J.P., Breunese, J.N., Van Thienen-Visser, K. and De Waal., H., ‘Isotach formulation of the rate type compaction model for sandstone’. endstream “They had gas of their own and they were making quite a lot of money selling it. ��w3T04PI�2P0T�5T0P02S0�4�3U������ �dA$P�5� >' The field was discovered in 1959 with the drilling of the Slochteren-1 well. AGaramondPro-Regular The final graph shows the events over time, plotted against the energy of the event (the released momentum). On the left: OpenType - PS <>>>/Subtype/Form/BBox[0 0 594 783]/Matrix [1 0 0 1 0 0]/Length 56/FormType 1/Filter/FlateDecode>>stream 2449508072 After two previous unsuccessful wells … 36 0 obj 0

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